What is Psoriatic Arthritis?
Psoriatic arthritis often shows symptoms of arthritis and psoriasis. It is a type of arthritis that causes joint inflammation which affects an individual with a skin disorder, known as psoriasis. It is characterized by thickened, inflamed patches of skin often covered by silver-gray scales. Suffers also experience pain and swelling in one of more joints.
Psoriatic Arthritis is relatively rare. It occurs in both male and females between 30 to 50 years of age. Psoriatic Arthritis suffers often have to put up with this disease over a several months (if lucky) or even years.
There are five different forms of psoriatic arthritis:
(1) Ankylosing Spondyloarthropathy
This mainly affects the spine, especially in the sacroiliac joints. As a results, it leads to a progressive fusion of the vertebrae with a possibility of loss of movement. This also results in painful inflammation at the points where the ligaments and tendons are attach to the spine.
(2) Asymmetric Polyarthritis
This is a form psoriatic arthritis where it is primarily characterized by severe swelling of the fingers and toes.
(3) Arthritis Mutilans
This form of psoriatic arthritis, is where the destruction of the person's bones occurs, particularly in the fingers. This destruction is usually painful, permanently deforming and disabling.
(4) Symmetric Polyarthritis
Symmetric Polyarthritis is a form of psoriatic arthritis that closely resembles rheumatoid arthritis. It is called symmetric polyarthritis because it tends to affect four or more joints symmetrically on both sides of the body simultaneously. It commonly affects the joints in the hands and feet. In addition to this, it also affect the suffer’s skin and nails. Suffers would have skin which is dry, flaky, skin patches on the elbows, knees, and shins. Other psoriasis prone areas include the hairline, belly button and crack between the buttocks. Finally the some suffers, fingernails and/or toenails would become detached. For others , their fingers and/or toenails are marked with little depressions or ridges.
(5) DIP (The DIP stands for Distal Interphalangeal Joints)
Individual suffering from DIP will experience pain and swelling of their last finger joints, closest to their fingernails.
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